Khirbat Umm Burj
District: Hebron
Population 1948: 160
Occupation date: 27/11/1948
Military operation: Yoav
Occupying unit: palmah
Jewish settlements on village\town land after 1948: Nehusha

The village, 17 km nortwest of Hebron, stood on a hilltop, overlooking a broad expanse of land in all four directions.

Khirbat Umm Burj was probably entered by Israeli forces in the third stage of Operation Yo'av, on 28-29 October 1948. This stage was marked by “panic flight” and “some expulsions”, according to Israeli historian Benny Morris; there were also atrocities, notably at nearby al-Dalawayima on 29 October. Despite those circumstances, some villagers apparently remained in their homes, for on 6 November, an Israeli unit was sent to “expel refugees” in the area and found 150 villagers in Khirbat Umm Burj. Morris writes that the unit, a platoon from the Har'el Brigade (which had just occupied positions to the north), “expelled about 100, apparently injuring some of them.” This rais, and others like it carried out betwwen November 1948 and April 1949, aimed at “clearing” areas along the front lines between Israeli- and Jordanian-held territory. The village eventually fell in close proximity to the armistice lines.

Nechusha, founded in 1982, is west of the site, on village lands.
The crumbled houses that remain are attached to each other. Their windows and doors are clearly visible, although the roof and section of the walls are gone. A large arch stands amidst these remnants of houses. A large deserted structure (which formerly housed an irrigation pump) stands at the foot of the hill, on the western side of the village. It has an entrance on its eastern side. A carob trees grows inside it, and a pool and a well are located nearby. One can see caves that had formerly been habitations on the northern and the northeastern periphery of the site; cactuses grow on its southern edge.

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